The characters, the plot, the conflict they’re facing, and the overall theme are all key components of a good story. But there’s another important narrative element that provides context for everything that’s going on: Where and when.
What time is it? What season is it? What year in history is it? Where on Earth (or beyond) is everything happening? And how does it change those other four elements if the story setting changes? This Language Arts video from Flocabulary explains:
Setting is one of the five essential elements of a story. It establishes the mood, reveals characters and conflicts, and gives clues to a story’s theme. In this video, we’ll see how time and place can do more than just give context.
from The Kid Should See This